Hotspots

Climate change means increasing pressure on the Earth’s system and human societies. The pressures are and will be severe and provide a cocktail of risks for people and societies and threaten livelihoods and life-supporting systems. A landscape approach is necessary - in contrast to addressing issues separately - as multiple climate related challenges interrelate in one place (droughts, floods, heatwaves, pollution etc.).

Solutions are needed which address multiple challenges.  Increasing climate pressures mean that attention to so-called hotspot areas is critical. Being able to accelerate solutions in these areas will be critical to adapt to climate change.

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Landscapes

Cape Town was near day zero in 2018. The drought that threatened to turn off the taps in Cape Town was made three times more likely by global warming, according to a study. Credit picture perfect istock.
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Urban Resilience

Disasters, climate change, and rapid urbanization pose a serious risk to the provision of urban water services including safe drinking water, sanitation, and safe drainage.

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The Lena Delta Reserve seen from a satellite
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Deltas

Water defines and enables human development. Ecosystems and economies depend on water.  The impact of climate change will be most acutely expressed through water.  Deltas are particularly vulnerable to water-related climate risks.

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Man in the sea in Bangladesh, istock photo, Credits: Mudassir Hossain
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Coastal Areas

Human societies will need to adapt to sea level rise, which means flooding, increasing risk of storm surges, coastal erosion and the loss of low-lying coastal systems.

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Shacks in a slum area along a small polluted canal. Manila, Philippines
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City Slums

Inhabitants of city slums are at extreme risk to climate change. Slums grow at a rapid pace because of in-migration of people from disaster prone areas, and growing poverty in rural areas and more opportunities in urban areas.

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A desert plain with three trees and amountain
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Drylands

Drylands are defined by a scarcity of water, and cover more than 40% of the earth surface. Drylands are present in more than 100 countries and home to over 2 billion people.

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Cross Cutting

Eifel, Elz valley, flood disaster, July 15th 2021. Europe is highly urbanised and has too few natural buffers that can infiltrate extreme amounts of heavy rainfall. Markus Volk. istock.
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Nature based solutions

Nature based solutions work with and enhance nature to restore and protect ecosystems and to help society adapt to the impacts of climate change. Adaptation calls for the increased use of nature based solutions with multiple benefits which at the same time provides for livelihoods, ecosystem life support and community resilience.

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A river basin in a mountanous region.
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River Basins

Collaboration in a river basin is needed to share increasingly scarce resources, manage water related risks emerging from various land uses and prevent flooding by linking upstream and downstream activities. Upstream areas need to ensure spatial planning that is mitigating floods for downstream areas. 

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