Assess climate risk

Climate risk assessments identify the likelihood of current and future climate hazards and their impacts. For an assessment to be done, up to date data on current and projected future climate related hazards and vulnerabilities is needed, which needs to be collected and maintained. These risk assessments need to be prepared in collaboration with other assessments of risks related to disasters and sustainable development. The risk assessments need to be a living document involving the relevant decision-makers, who also need to become aware and understand the risks and how they are best addressed.

How?

Before beginning a risk assessment, the organisation in charge need to establish goals and aims of the assessment, carry out a stakeholder analysis, as well as make a review of existing resources and data.
Risk assessments can be done at various levels; national, regional and local, and for different sectors and organisations. See below for examples and inspiration.  

Why?

Assessing risks can inform current and future investment decisions and prioritisation of climate action.

A topographical map
Topographical maps help in assessing risks. New York City, USA. | Credit Frank Ramspott

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Assessing climate risks at national level
Assessing climate risks at regional level
Assessing climate risks at local government level
Assessing climate risks at community level

People from above - organised so they look like a graph
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Get organised and strengthen institutional capacity

This means creating or assigning an organizational structure to coordinate and be responsible for the climate adaptation mainstreaming process.

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Two people discussing a plan
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Risk dialogues and strategising

When climate risks have been assessed for multiple actors and sectors, these need to be coordinated and prioritizations worked out.

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River from the sky
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Financing

Sufficient financial resources and capacity to access available resources are critical for adaptation. 

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Different Colour Leaves
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Policies and regulations

The right policies and regulations can boost action and support implementation of climate adaptation.

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Faults in rock formations
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Innovation, evaluation, learning and behaviour change

Adaptation will be a collective effort, meaning that many people from various sectors and levels will have to collaborate. 

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Person looking at a planning whiteboard
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Planning, implementation, and operation

Mainstreaming adaptation means to increasingly take onboard water as a structural agent in spatial planning.

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