Assess climate risk

Climate risk assessments identify the likelihood of current and future climate hazards and their impacts. For an assessment to be done, up to date data on current and projected future climate related hazards and vulnerabilities is needed, which needs to be collected and maintained. These risk assessments need to be prepared in collaboration with other assessments of risks related to disasters and sustainable development. The risk assessments need to be a living document involving the relevant decision-makers, who also need to become aware and understand the risks and how they are best addressed.


Before beginning a risk assessment, the organisation in charge need to establish goals and aims of the assessment, carry out a stakeholder analysis, as well as make a review of existing resources and data.
Risk assessments can be done at various levels; national, regional and local, and for different sectors and organisations. Several overviews exist of how to carry out a climate risk assessment, for example:

See below for examples and inspiration.  


Assessing risks can inform current and future investment decisions and prioritisation of climate action. 


The old harbour in Bizerte, Tunisia.
Case Study

Bizerte, Tunisia; Rapid Climate Risk Assessment

The GCA is carrying out a Rapid Climate Risk Assessment in Bizerte, Tunisia.

Read Case Study
Antananarivo, Madagascar: skyline - view from the Haute Ville - Anosy Lake
Case Study

Antananarivo, Madagascar - Rapid Climate Risk Assessment

The GCA is carrying out a Rapid Climate Risk Assessment in Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Read Case Study
Jamestown in Accra Ghana
Case Study

Accra – Climate Risk Assessment and Institutional Scoping

GCA's City Adaptation Accelerator is carrying out a Climate Risk Assessment and Institutional Scoping in Accra, Ghana. Results will be published here. 

Read Case Study
A topographical map
Topographical maps help in assessing risks. New York City, USA. | Credit Frank Ramspott

We are looking for your stories and cases, please submit them here.

Assessing risk at transboundary level

Assessing climate risks at national level

Assessing climate risks at regional level

Assessing climate risks at urban level

Assessing climate risks at community level

People from above - organised so they look like a graph
Landing Page

Get organised and strengthen institutional capacity

This means creating or assigning an organizational structure to coordinate and be responsible for the climate adaptation mainstreaming process.

Read more
Two people discussing a plan
Landing Page

Risk dialogues and strategising

When climate risks have been assessed for multiple actors and sectors, these need to be coordinated and prioritizations worked out.

Read more
River from the sky
Landing Page


Sufficient financial resources and capacity to access available resources are critical for adaptation. 

Read more
Different Colour Leaves
Landing Page

Policies and regulations

The right policies and regulations can boost action and support implementation of climate adaptation.

Read more
Faults in rock formations
Landing Page

Innovation, evaluation, learning and behaviour change

Adaptation will be a collective effort, meaning that many people from various sectors and levels will have to collaborate. 

Read more
Person looking at a planning whiteboard
Landing Page

Planning, implementation, and operation

Mainstreaming adaptation means to increasingly take onboard water as a structural agent in spatial planning.

Read more